Inhalers Alternative ways to recycle Illegal in Garbage & Drains Hazardous Waste Never Throw in the Garbage Older inhalers contain chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). CFCs can damage the ozone layer, so never throw them in the garbage. Follow the disposal instructions on the inhaler’s label and dispose of them as hazardous waste. Never Puncture or Burn Do not puncture the container or throw it into the fire because an inhaler is an aerosol product and could explode. Alternative Ways to Recycle Return Used Cartridges to the Pharmacy Some pharmacies and law enforcement offices are registered with the DEA as authorized drug collectors. You can drop off used inhaler cartridges at these locations. Find a DEA-authorized disposal location.